Main Article Content

Abstract

Astaxanthin is a naturally occurring carotenoid which is derived from the microalgae Haematococcus pluvialis. As well as being the most powerful antioxidant known to science, it also has potent anti-inflammatory properties. Natural astaxanthin´s distinct advantage in comparison to other antioxidants is its ability to span the entire lipid bilayer of the cell membrane, thus providing superior protection from the inside out. Natural astaxanthin has a strong ability to both balance and strengthen the immune system. This article reviews the current available scientific literature regarding the effect of astaxanthin from the algae Haematoccus pluvialis in Astashine capsules as a natural immune booster.

Keywords

Astashine capsules Natural immune booster Antiinflammatory

Article Details

How to Cite
Govind Shukla, Nagalakshmi Yaparthy, Jyothika Vanamali, & C.J. Sampath Kumar. (2021). Astashine capsules: an excellent choice to boost immune system. International Journal of Research in Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics, 5(3), 235-239. Retrieved from https://ijrpp.com/ijrpp/article/view/357

References

  1. [1]. Chew,B.P. et al.,2011. Dietary astaxanthin enhances immune response in dogs. Vet lmmunol and lmmunopathol. 140, 2011, 199-206.
  2. [2]. Park, J.S., Chyun, J.H., Kim, Y.K., Line, LL. Chew, B.P., Astaxanthin decreased oxidative stress and inflammation and enhanced immune response in humans. Nutr. Metab.5, 2010, 7-18.
  3. [3]. Park, J.S., Kim, H.W., Mathison, B.D., Hayek, M.G., Massimino, S., Reinhart, G.A., Chew,B.P., 201Ob. Astaxanthin uptake in domestic dogs and cats. Nutr. Metab.7, 52-59.
  4. [4]. Macedo RC et al., Astaxanthi n addition improves human neutrophils function: in vitro study. Eur J Nutr.49, 2010, 447- 457.
  5. [5]. Seon-Jin L. et al. Astaxanthin Inhibits Nitric Oxide Production and Inflammatory Gene Expression by Suppressing IκB Kinase-dependent NF-κB Activation.Mol. Cells, 6(1), 2003, 97-105.
  6. [6]. Chew BP, Park JS. Carotenoid action on the immune response. J Nutr. 134(1), 2004, 257S-61S.
  7. [7]. Nakao R, Nelson OL, Park JS, Mathison BD, Thompson PA, Chew BP. Effect of dietary astaxanthin at different stages of mammary tumor initiation in BALB/c mice. Anticancer Res. 30(6), 2010, 2171-5.
  8. [8]. Chew BP, Mathison BD, Hayek MG, Massimino S, Reinhart GA, Park JS. Dietary astaxanthin enhances immune response in dogs. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 140(3-4), 2011, 199-206.
  9. [9]. Park JS, Mathison BD, Hayek MG, Massimino S, Reinhart GA, Chew BP. Astaxanthin stimulates cell-mediated and humoral immune responses in cats. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 144(3-4), 2011, 455-61.
  10. [10]. Macedo RC, Bolin AP, Marin DP, Otton R. Astaxanthin addition improves human neutrophils function: in vitro study. Eur J Nutr. 49(8), 2010, 447-57.
  11. [11]. Bolin AP, Guerra BA, Nascimento SJ, Otton R. Changes in lymphocyte oxidant/antioxidant parameters after carbonyl and antioxidant exposure. Int Immunopharmacol. 14(4), 2012, 690-7.
  12. [12]. Mahmoud FF, Haines DD, Abul HT, Abal AT, Onadeko BO, Wise JA. In vitro effects of astaxanthin combined with ginkgolide B on T lymphocyte activation in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from asthmatic subjects. J Pharmacol Sci. 94(2), 2004, 129-36.