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Before starting any research study, a review and approval by Institutional Ethics Committee and Institutional Review Board has become mandatory. The ultimate goal of research is to safeguard the public health or population and thus every human has the right to understand the nature besides the risks and benefits of research. Only after approval, a study can be carried out keeping in view any modifications required to meet the regulatory requirements. Both thesis and independent research projects need permission of the IEC & the IRB to safeguard the dignity, rights, safety and well being of all actual and potential research participants. The committee also examines compliance with all regulatory requirements, applicable guidelines and laws.


To have an insight into the research pattern for 2 years in a tertiary care teaching hospital this study was undertaken.


The present retrospective, observational study was conducted in the Deptt. of Pharmacology, Govt. Medical College, Jammu after taking permission from  Institutional Ethics Committee. IEC record of year 2014 and 2015 was assessed and compared.

Different patterns of various research proposals both thesis and independent research proposals was assessed. A tertiary care hospital of north india, IEC GMC jmu is registered with the DCGI. An attempt was made to strictly follow the confidentiality while making analysis.


A total of 244 research projects were submitted and got approval from IEC. 116 research projects were submitted in 2014 out of which 85 (73.2%) were thesis projects and 31 (26.7%) were independent research projects. 128 research projects were submitted in 2015 out of which 88 (68.7%) were thesis research projects and 40 (31.2%) were independent research projects.Most thesis proposals fell in category B or B/C whereas most independent proposals fell in category B/C or C.


A similar trend was followed in both the years but a rising trend was seen among the independent research projects. It may be because of the new accredition policy and research rider by Medical Council of India


Institutional Ethics Committee Institutional Review Board Research

Article Details

How to Cite
Palvi Kudyar, Roshi, Vishal R. Tandon, & Brij Mohan Gupta. (2021). Comparative analysis of distribution patterns of research protocol: a retrospective, observational study. International Journal of Research in Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics, 7(4), 347-353. Retrieved from


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