Main Article Content

Abstract

Background


Momordicacharantia commonly known as Karela is widely known for its medicinal properties. Its Antidepressant activity is least evaluated. Depression being common psychiatric illness of all age groups. Currently available Antidepressants have their own limitations. The antidepressant activity of MomordicaCharantia leaves was evaluated in this study.


Aim


The aim of this study is to evaluate the Antidepressant activity of Methanolic extract of MomordicaCharantia leaves.


MATERIAL and METHODS


This study was done in Department of Pharmacology, JNMC, AMU. Antidepressant activity of MEMC (Methanolic extract of MomordicaCharantia leaves) . at doses of 100mg/kg, 200 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg was evaluated in Swiss Albino mice and Albino Wistar rats in Tail suspension test, Forced swim test, Spontaneous motor activity, Learned helplessness test and 5-Hydroxytryptophan induced Head Potentiation tests.


Results


MEMC exhibited antidepressant activity by significantly decreasing the immobility time in Tail Suspension test in all doses and in doses of 200 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg in Forced swim test. No significant increase in Spontaneous motor activity was seen in all three doses ruling out psychostimulant activity. In Learned Helplessness test number of Escape failures was decreased at doses of MEMC 200 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg. Increase in Head twitches was seen in both MEMC 200 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg in 5-Hydroxytrytophan induced Head Potentiation in mice.


Conclusion


Antidepressant activity was exhibited by Methanolic extract of MomordicaCharantia leaves in animal models of Depression.

Keywords

Depression Momordicacharantia Tail suspension test Forced swim test Learned Helplessness test 5-Hydroxytrytophan induced Head Potentiation in mice

Article Details

How to Cite
A Haseeb, F Ahmad, & A Kumar. (2021). An experimental study on antidepressant activity of methanolic extract of momordica charantia leaves. International Journal of Research in Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics, 7(4), 327-335. Retrieved from https://ijrpp.com/ijrpp/article/view/304

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