Main Article Content

Abstract

Introduction


Post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) of HIV is only way to reduce the risk of HIV after potential exposure. This study was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding PEP of HIV among medical fraternity in KMCH.


Objectives


To assess the awareness on HIV-PEP


-To study the attitude and practice of health care providers on H.I.V- PEP


Methodology


A prospective, semi-structured questionnaire based study of 14 questions was conducted. Knowledge was assessed by taking mean correct answers of 5 knowledge based questions and categorised as good (4≥correct answers),moderate(2-4 correct answers) and poor (<2 correct answers)Participants PGs, faculty and interns. Data collected was analysed statistically


Results


A total of 280 members participated in the study, 99% heard about HIV-PEP. Mean knowledge score of house surgeons, post graduates and medical faculty was found as 4, 4. 2 and 4.7(for a total of 5)Whereas mean attitude score was 4.7,4.5and 4.7( for a total of 5)and mean practice score was found as 2, 3 and 3.7( for a total of 4) respectively respectively.98% believed that health care providers were at risk of exposure to HIV. 


Conclusions


The knowledge & attitude of H.S, P.G & faculty is good. Practice of P.G & faculty is also good, house surgeons found to be moderate, emphasising the need to conduct awareness programs especially to house surgeons in all aspects of PEP, without restricting to drug therapy.

Keywords

Awareness Post-exposure prophylaxis HIV Health Care Providers

Article Details

How to Cite
Aravind Garapati, Bheemesh Naidu Mattam, & LN Prathyusha Devarasetty. (2021). To study the knowledge, attitude and practice of health care providers on H.I.V post-exposure prophylaxis in a teritiary care hospital, Guntur. International Journal of Research in Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics, 7(2), 145-150. Retrieved from https://ijrpp.com/ijrpp/article/view/279

References

  1. [1]. India has 3rd-highest number of HIV- infected people: UN. The Hindu [internet]. Available from:http://m.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/india-has-3rdhighest-number-of-hivinfected-people-un/article6220483.ece, 2014
  2. [2]. Smith, Dawn K.; Grohskopf, Lisa A.; Black, Roberta J.; Auerbach, Judith D.; Veronese, Fulvia; Struble, Kimberly A. Antiretroviral Post exposure Prophylaxis After Sexual, Injection-Drug Use, or Other Nonoccupational Exposure to HIV in the United States. 2011.
  3. [3]. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). (Last updated 2011) Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/stopsticks/sharpsinjuries.html
  4. [4]. www.aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/prevention/reduce-your-risk/pregnancy-and-childbirth/index
  5. [5]. Krakower DS, Jain S, Mayer KH. Antiretroviral for Primary HIV Prevention: the Current Status of Pre and Post-exposure Prophylaxis. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2015.
  6. [6]. Sharma M, Wilton J, Senn H, Fowler S, Tan DHS. Preparing for PrEP: perceptions and readiness of canadian physicians for the implementation of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis. PloS One. 9(8), 2014, e105283.
  7. [7]. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare: Government of India National AIDS Control Organisation. Management of Occupational exposure including Post exposure prophylaxis for HIV. New Delhi: NACO; 2009.
  8. [8]. Mathewos B, Birhan W, Kinfe S, Boru M, Tiruneh G, Addis Z, et al. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice towards post exposure
  9. [9]. Birhanu Alemu, Asrat Demessie, Atsede Fantahun, Kahsu Gebrekirstos3. Awareness of Post-Exposure Prophylaxis of HIV Among Health Care Personnel in Asella Teaching Hospital, Asella Town, South-East Ethiopia, 2014: Cross Sectional Study. Clinical Medicine Research. 4(3), 2015, 69-74. doi: 10.11648/j.cmr.20150403.12
  10. [10]. Mercy Okoh & Birch Dauda Saheeb Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of post-exposure prophylaxis against blood-borne viral infection among dental surgeons in a teaching hospital, Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases, 32, 2017, 1, 17-22, DOI: 10.1080/23120053.2016.1198079.
  11. [11]. Tetali S, Choudhury PL: Occupational exposure to sharps and splash: Risk among health care Providers in three tertiary care hospital in south india. Indian J Occup Environ Med 10(1), 2006, 35–40.
  12. [12]. Bandolier E: Occupational exposure to hospital employees in Italian hospitals over 5.5 years. London: AstraZeneca group; 2003.